Desert Błędowska

Stan obecny

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Written by Administrator    Wednesday, 20 April 2011 15:36

At present appearance of Błędowska Desert has changed significantly as a result of filling it in the 60s of the twentieth century, Scots pine and red oak and Caspian willow were plant to stabilize the sand, which sometimes flooded the achievements of people living in surrounding villages. There were used Caspian willow, alder and wydmuchrzyca piaskowa to stabilize sand. The current landscape of the desert is becoming less "desert". Pine forest grows around, and old dunes are covered with more like "zakrzaczoną" meadow. In addition planting in the western desert thickets of pine and birch affected the current appearance. Only near Klucze in the Eastern part of Desert and in the north around the Dąbrówka hill, near Chechło, man can find more sand shoals. From The Błędowska Desert sand mains was routed, which was destroyed by a part of the desert in order to provide sand for backfill to the nearby mines.

In the Błędowska Desert there is about 350 plant species including many of a typical desert and coastal dunes. Among unique and protected species, are worth mentioning: dziewięćsił bezłodygowy, kruszczyk szerokolistny i rdzawoczerwony, powojnik baldaszkowy, kostrzewy, szczotlicha siwa.

Desert animals are mostly birds and insects. Among the birds found here [on the sand], skowronek borowy (lerka), świergotek polny, sieweczka rzeczna, lelek, białorzytka and dudek are worth mentioning. The Biała Przemsza Valley which is flowing through the Desert is an interesting area of occurrence of birds: Woodcock, Kingfisher, Woodpeckers.

It also occurred curlew and black grouse.

2011 pustynia z lotu ptaka

Last Updated on Monday, 19 March 2012 09:26

Genesis of the creation of the Desert

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Written by Administrator    Wednesday, 20 April 2011 15:35

Błędowska Desert is not actually a natural desert, because they occur as the result of persistent deficits rainfall, high temperatures and scarcity of water in the soil. The desert was a result of human interference in the environment. The accumulation of such large deposits of Quaternary sands explain their origin. It’s the effect of glaciation before 2.3 million years ago. After warming of about 10 thousand years ago, the area of ​​desert covered with a dense pine forest. Dating from the thirteenth century the development of silver and lead mining and smelting in the area of Olkusz caused the felling of trees, which served as reinforcement material for shafts and tunnels. As a result of intensive use of wood to the needs of the industry development, a large tracts of forest has been cleared. Then situated here thick layers of sand were exposed running aeolian processes /whiff of sand caused by wind/ creating "anthropogenic desert" which can be seen today. Changes in the environment caused by human interference meant that the area was a special microclimate and also you can observe natural phenomena characteristic of deserts /mirage, dust storms, sand dunes.



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Written by Administrator    Wednesday, 20 April 2011 15:34

Błędów Desert (Polish: Pustynia Błędowska) is an area of sands between Błędów (part of Dąbrowa Górnicza in Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union) and the village of Klucze in Poland. The area lies mainly on the Silesian Highlands in the Silesian Voivodeship. Area 32 km².
The Bledowska Sands are the largest (in Central Europe) accumulation of loose sand away from any sea, deposited thousands of years ago by a melting glacier. The appearance of a desert landscape has been created since the Middle Ages, as an accidental effect of mining (zinc, silver, coal), but the specific geological structure has been of big importance - the average thickness of the sand layer is about 40 meters (maximum 70 meters), which made the fast and deep drainage very easy.
In the recent years the sands have started to shrink. The phenomenon of mirages has been known to exist there.
During the Second World War the area was used by the German Afrika Korps for training and testing equipment before deployment in Africa.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 October 2013 07:05

The Błędowska Desert

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Written by Administrator    Wednesday, 16 February 2011 22:56

According to the legend Błędowska Desert was created from ….Baltic Sea sand. In 1920s people could still notice here a mirage phenomenon. Despite the fact that only the small area of the desert is covered by the open patch of sand, it still remains an interesting place for geographers, naturalists and tourists.

The Błędowska Desert is the best known place in Klucze commune. Its origin is related to  people's intensive  economic activity in 13thcentury. That time silver mining and metallurgy industries started to develop. The demand for timber was the cause of mass deforestation on this area. After bare soil had exposed accumulated loose post-glacial sands, natural processes characteristic of natural deserts started.

Legend in turn says that it was the carelessness of the devil that contributed to creating of Błędowska Desert. How did it happen? According to folk tales devils got angry when arrogant Olkusz miners were digging deeper and deeper. They decided that the best thing would be to bury Olkusz mines using Baltic Sea sand. Gliding through the air devil carried on his back huge sack filled with sea sand. Lowering his flight in order to spill it on the opencast he was passing by a hill in Klucze where he bumped into a church tower and made a hole in the sack. Large amount of sand spilled over the local fields leaving the mark of devil’s journey to the Baltic Sea.

Not a legend but a fact was a mirage phenomenon occurring in the Błędowska Desert in 1920s when sandy dunes were a common part of the local landscape. About mirage phenomenon wrote in magazine ‘Kosmos’ famous botanist, professor Kazimierz Piech. Marian Kantor-Mirski, historian of Zagłębie and author of ‘ From the past of Zagłębie Dąbrowskie and surroundings’ cycle described the Błędowska Desert as ‘ dreadful void, terrific wildness, sea of sand, vast bare land...'

Present-day view of the desert differs from above mentioned description. Nowadays patches of sand can be found only in one particular place near Klucze and in the vicinity of Chechło village. The desert was once a training area . Nowadays it is used as a drop zone which makes special attraction for observers. In 1999 NATO forces carried out there military excercises . The panorama of the desert can be admired from two vantage points: ‘Czubatka’ in Klucze (382 m above sea level) and ‘Dąbrówka’ in Chechło (355 m above sea level).

It is important to take into consideration the fact that the north part of the desert is a military area and there is located no entrance sign. The south part of the desert is The a protected area as an ecological site. Błędowska Desert is a habitat of various protected and unique plants like stemless carline thistle (in the desert) or lily of the valley,lilium martagon, Marsh Labrador tea found in valley of White Przemsza River. It attract naturalists. On bare sands can be observed ant lion funnels which they use waiting for their prey. On roots of perrennial knawel among grassy lawns and wild thyme petals lives insect called Polish knawel. In the 15th and 16th century mentioned insects were kept on a large scale in order to acquire red pigment used in textile. Poland was the main source of supply with red pigment in Europe that time.

Last Updated on Sunday, 27 February 2011 19:36
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